Edelman Submits New Answers to CIC Climate Change Quiz


Remember when you wished you could take that Chemistry 101 final again...not often you have a teacher willing to accept a do-over.

Edelman took the opportunity to rewrite its answers to our April climate survey this week.  This after giving CIC one line somewhat incomplete answers to our April survey and after the now ex-CEO told his staff they need not respond to our four (quite straightforward) questions and also told them, "there are only wrong answers for this guy".

Out of fairness, we invite all the companies we surveyed to re-submit their own more complete answers as well. 

Below are Edelman's new answers to our climate questions, in full, as sent by Ben Boyd (I redacted Ben's phone numbers as a courtesy):


I appreciated the opportunity to connect with you yesterday on the WBEZ program regarding your survey and The Guardian piece.  As you can imagine, we welcomed the chance to clarify our position and also appreciated today’s update by The Guardian, including your statement. 

As I conveyed on-air, you have my apology that your initial request for answers to your survey was so mismanaged by our firm.  Completely unacceptable.  

While we have certainly passed your deadline, I would like to resubmit our answer to the CIC Survey for your consideration:

  •          Does your company acknowledge the threat and challenge of climate change as companies like Walmart, Coca Cola, Apple, Google, AIG, Swiss Re, NRG, Unilever and others have done?

Yes. Edelman fully recognizes the reality of, and science behind, climate change, and believes it represents one of the most important global challenges facing society, business and government today. To be clear, we do not accept client assignments that aim to deny climate change.

We believe that business, government and society must work together to address climate change by balancing the interdependent priorities of human development, the environment and the global economy. As such, we support our clients’ efforts to reduce emissions from their operations, improve energy efficiency, advance alternative fuels and sustainable energy solutions and lead in the transition to sustainable and socially responsible business models. We also work with clients to constructively participate in the dialogue around climate change and contribute to policy discussions, with the goal of making progress on this shared global challenge.

  •          Does your company have any internal carbon accounting policies or energy use reduction targets? Have you taken actions to reduce your “carbon footprint”?

As a firm we are determined to reduce emissions and foster an employee culture of sustainability. We hold ourselves accountable to reduce our carbon footprint at every Edelman office around the world.

We have taken proactive steps to reduce our GHG emissions through document management, lighting efficiency, videoconferencing, local “green” citizenship teams, and global E-waste recycling.

We track and report on the progress of these policies through our global citizenship dashboard. Each of the 65 offices in the Edelman network receives a customized dashboard about their specific progress toward these goals and is accountable for the continued progress and improvements made in their office.  Our progress toward these goals will be reported annually in our global citizenship report, the latest of which will be released in October 2014.

  •          Does your company have an internal Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy regarding climate change or the environment generally?

Yes, Edelman has a Global Environmental Policy.

  •          Has your agency advised any client corporations on communications around CSR programs with a specific climate change focus, or on other climate change related public relations efforts?

Yes. Edelman provides counsel to a range of clients across many industries, including counsel on CSR programs and on key issues such as climate change.

If you would like to discuss these answers or if I can be of further help to you, I would welcome the chance to speak.  My mobile number is 

ben boyd


practices, sectors & offerings


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Not Walking the Walk: Obama's BLM's Funding Dirty Coal Exports, Propping Up World's Worst Fuel

PRB_Greetings.jpgIt's been a crummy summer for the federal Bureau of Land Management.

The bureau sells development leases to mining companies that want to scrape out coal deposits that lie under taxpayer-owned dirt on federal land. 

It has managed to draw fire from the Interior Department's Inspector General, the GAO, The Nation and a half-dozen environmental groups. 

The gripe is that by charging bargain-basement prices for its coal - that is, our coal -  BLM is perhaps the most important player keeping the American coal industry alive, while costing American taxpayers some $30 billion over thirty years according to a July report by Center for American Progress.  

One important way BLM undervalues American coal is by failing to take into account the vast mark-up domestic producers can reap by shipping the coal to Asia, Europe or South America, rather than trying to unload it on a shrinking American market, where 150 coal-fired power plants have already closed and new carbon limits are likely to make coal less and less economical according to a July report by the Sightline Institute.

As the American wing of Big Coal turns increasingly to exports to prop up what's left of its bottom line, coal producers have come to depend on vast mineral reserves in the western United States, particularly in the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana, that can be extracted cheaply via surface mining and shipped overseas. Almost all of this coal is found on federal lands where the Bureau of Land Management is virtually giving its leases away, according to several recent studies.    

A July report by Greenpeace - "Leasing Coal, Fueling Climate Change: How the Federal Coal Leasing Program Undermines President Obama's Climate Plan" - goes several steps further than others, pointing out that in addition to ignoring coal's export value,  BLM failed to consider carbon pollution impacts of between $52 billion and $553 million from coal leases issued during the Obama administration.  And by making coal so cheap, the bureau undercuts Obama's own plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions which the adminstration is fighting for against intense opposition from Republicans and the lobbying and financial might of the fossil fuel industry.

"With companies looking to double America’s coal exports, the nation’s growing position in the global energy trade could make global warming worse, fueling the world’s demand for coal when many experts say most fossil fuels should remain in the ground to avert the most disastrous effects of climate change," noted the Associated Press in a recent story.  

If the Obama-ites have missed it, at least one federal judge sees the connection.  

In June, district court Judge R. Brooke Jackson blocked the expansion of a Colorado mine, scolding the administration for failing to use its own social cost of carbon figures to assess the expansion's impact on global warming. 

Making matters worse is that bidding in the coal leasing program in the west is already rigged in favor of cheap leases.  This goes back to 1990, when President George H.R. Bush's administration reversed decades of precedent and decided that the Powder River Basin was not a "historic coal production region," effectively ceding control over the lease program to Big Coal.  Since then, 96 of 107 western coal-lease sales held by BLM have had only one bidder.  

One study that documents coal sales at mines Wyoming, New Mexico, Montana, North Dakota, Colorado and Utah by some of the largest producers, including Peabody Energy, Arch Coal and Cloud Peak Energy zeroed in on specific companies to expose the mechanics of what has become modern coal's dominant business model.

The report, entitled "Unfair Market Value: By Ignoring Exports, BLM Underprices Federal Coal" was prepared by the Sightline Institute and four other environmental groups.

A case in point is Cloud Peak's Spring Creek Mine in southern Montana, near the Wyoming border. 

Most of the 18 million tons of coal Cloud Peak sold its Asian customers in the last four years came from Spring Creek.  The company paid the federal government - meaning us, the taxpayers - a maximum of 18 cents per ton for the coal, which Cloud Peak resold on the Asian market for more than $60 per ton for profits "four to five times as high as the margins that Cloud Peak earned on domestic sales."

Cloud Peak, like other western producers, is pushing hard for the development of three new port or terminal facilities in Washington and Oregon, such as the proposed Gateway Pacific Terminal in Bellingham, Washington, which would connect by rail to its mines in Montana and Wyoming.  Meanwhile, as the struggle over the terminals plays out, Cloud Peak is trying for another round of giveaways, by bidding for an additional 198 million tons of coal deposits next to Spring Creek.

Meanwhile, local residents activists, environmentalists and the Democratic governors

of Oregon and Washington are demanding that the administration consider the effect on global warming of building terminal facilities that would help double American coal exports.

So far, the administration has flatly refused.



Center For American Progress: Federal Coal Leasing in the Powder River Basin - A Bad Deal for Taxpayers, July 2014

Sightline Institute: Unfair Market Value - By Ignoring Exports, BLM Underprices Federal Coal, July 2014

Greenpeace: Leasing Coal, Fueling Climate Change - How the federal coal leasing program undermines President Obama’s Climate Plan, July 2014

The Nation: How the Obama Administration Is Keeping Big Coal AliveZoë Carpenter, July 7, 2014

Associated Press: Not in My Backyard - US Sending Dirty Coal AbroadDina Cappiello, Jul. 28, 2014



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WBEZ Interview: PR firm Edelman faces PR scandal

After the interview Tuesday on WBEZ Chicago (below), Edelman shifted slightly yesterday and published a "Position on Climate Change", and while leaving lots of wiggle room, is being more declarative in its statements.  This may be the first such position by a major PR agency against climate denial.

The Guardian published this shift in stance today with the headline "Edelman formally declares it will not accept climate denial campaigns"

We still want to know how they reconcile belief in the urgency of climate change and promoting fossil fuel exploitation for American Petroleum Institute (Vote4Energy, Energy Citizens) or working for the American Legislative Exchange Council, whose recent meeting in Dallas was loaded with climate denier presentations from Heartland and CFACT along with model bills aimed at undermining EPA greenhouse gas regulations.  MotherBoard at VICE dug in a little deeper on where the twain meet.

To be continued...

WBEZ Afternoon Shift August 5, 2014 (rough transcript)

Niala Boodhoo, host: You're listening to the Afternoon Shift. I'm Niala Boodhoo. The world's most powerful public relations firms stake their business on having the ability to influence people and policy, right? Well, now it seems several top PR firms are taking a stand against climate change denial. Ten of the world's largest public relations firms, such as Weber-Shandwick and WPP - that's the parent company of Burson-Marsteller and Ogilvy Public Relations - say they will no longer do business with entities that reject the existence of climate change. This is all because of a survey from the Climate Investigations Center that was done with the UK's Guardian newspaper. It tried to find out where the top PR houses stood on representing those who reject the science of climate change. Notably not on that list was Chicago-based Edelman Public Relations Firm. Joining me to talk about why is Edelman's Ben Boyd and Kert Davies, the executive director of the Climate Investigations Center. Gentlemen, welcome to the afternoon shift. 

Kert Davies, CIC: Thanks for having me. 

Ben Boyd, Edelman PR: Thanks so much. 

NB: Kert, let's start with you. What's the Climate Investigations Center and why did you do this survey?

KD: The Climate Investigations Center is a relatively new organziation building on the work I did at Greenpeace for thirteen years, looking into the funding of climate science denial and organizations like the Heartland Institute there in Chicago, and Exxon's involvement in this, the Koch brother's involvement. This organization's dedicated to researching and uncovering where the climate debate - where the rubber meets the road, so to speak. So we're digging into a variety of different things. People can find out more at ClimateInvestigations.org.

NB: How many firms did you send this survey to, Kert? 

KD: We sent it to the top 25 firms operating in the US based on their revenue and, uh, it's a lot of revenue. 

NB: And how many firms responded? 

KD: We only got responses from a few firms directly, and then some punted to their parent organizations, their parent companies - that's WPP. So, in total, we got direct responses from six [firms] and then we got indirect responses from another few. It's a mixed bag, but we, you know - the response we accidentally got from Edelman, straight up, was "there are only wrong answers for this guy." Their CEO at the time, who has now left the company, accidentally emailed me. So, I think a lot of companies probably felt the same way - we don't need to answer these questions. And we think it was a pretty simple question: "do you acknowledge the threat of climate change?"

NB: Well, Ben, let's ask him - uh, let's ask you to respond to that. Do you want to answer that question? If you -

BB: I think, look, it's really simple. If I were Kert, I'd feel exactly the same way. I mean, the fact of the matter is that Edelman fully recognizes the reality of and the science behind climate change. And we do not accept client assignments that aim to deny climate change. I think, unfortunately - and there's no excuse other than just poor communication, which is probably ironic for a communications firm - but, you know, junior staff handled the completion of the questionnaire. It was not Mark Hass. And, again, that email was completely unacceptable and inappropriate. So, you know, I would begin by first clarifying that that is our position and I would also offer Kert and the CIC an apology for what was an inaccurate or, rather, incomplete answer to what I agree with him to be four very simple questions. And I would also state unequivocally Edelman's desire to work with him and the CIC in terms of further investigation and engagement with our industry, as outlined in his larger post of today. 

NB: Ben, you know, you said that you don't accept client assignments that aim to, as you said, obstruct or dilute regulation designed to address climate change. How does that square with your representation of say, like, the American Petroleum Institute. That's one of your clients, right? 

BB: Yeah, I think that the reality is, you know, this is - we want to paint a lot of these debates as black and white, right? So if you look at the notion of ethanol and greenhouse gas emissions and the points of view around ethanol as an acceptable alternative, the fact of the matter is that there are varying opinions. So, again, we do not work for deniers, but we recognize that there is great nuance and grey in this conversation. And I think what we have espoused in terms of our own corporate view is the need for business and government to work together as it relates to these large societal, complex issues and topics. But, again, we fully accept and believe the science behind climate change and we do not work for clients who deny that. 

NB: Kert -

KD: Well, one of your clients is the American Legislative Exchange Council, which just held its meeting in Dallas. And I don't know if Edelman's still working for them, but were in 2012 when they ran into some protests from outside groups. And ALEC just hosted this meeting with the Heartland Institute, with this other group called CFACT - hardcore climate deniers who were instructing legislators on how to attack the EPA, how to question the science. I don't know that you do that work with them -

NB: Ben, do you still work with them? 

BB: I'd have to look at our client roster with, you know, thousands of clients on a varying school. I'd be happy to look at that, Kert, and connect back with you on that in terms of active engagement with them. 

NB: Ben, to Kert's point, do you - I mean, now that you - I say, you don't do that, have you, obviously, you're such a large firm, I can't even imagine how many clients you have. Do you have a process of going through and determining whether or not they're people you'll work with or won't work with them in terms of climate change? 

BB: I think we certainly have a policy, which is available on our website. It's pretty black and white. I think that policy is shared clearly internally and our client leaders are expected to uphold the values that we espouse as a firm and that we believe as a business, as the right and ethical way to operate. I cannot guarantee to you guys or anyone else that in a firm of 6,000 I won't have ethical lapses. What I can guarantee you is that when ethical lapses - when and if those lapses happen - and those choices, yaknow, have consequences and we move on those. But we do not consciously, especially from a management perspective, accept revenue from those who deny the science behind climate change. 

NB: Kert, let me ask you one last question. Which is - Ben was talking about the nuances of this. Did you hear other firms say that as well? What's your position on this? 

KD: You know, there was a broad range of responses to our survey - very interesting stuff. Some firms were being pushed by their clients. One firm engaged with IBM who said, "well, what's your carbon footprint?" to the ad firm and they didn't have one - they had to develop one to take the contract. Edelman has a whole carbon accounting program I didn't even know about because it's in the appendix to their citizenship report. They're doing their own carbon footprint and have targets on airline miles reduction. That's remarkable, but, as you said earlier, it barely squares with a multi-million dollar contract to push oil, push the Keystone pipeline, without mentioning potential carbon impacts. It's very easy in the ad industry to avoid subjects and to stress the positives - 

NB: well, but, Kert, to my question about - did you find that PR firms or other firms you talked to, are they saying "no" to these campaigns or are they saying no to firms that don't believe in climate change? What are other firms telling you? 

KD: Some committed - we didn't really ask that question. The Guardian asked that question and they got commitments that they were not working with climate deniers. And that is a major step forward - it's a question that, frankly, has never been put to this industry before. The reason we did this survey was because pretty much every other sector has been questioned about climate change. You take banking, or insurance, or, yaknow, the oil industry, obviously - all of them, over the decades, have been questioned, "do you believe in this, do you think it's a major push?" Because we have to have the corporate community working alongside governments to solve this problem, and the PR industry's just never been asked. So I think it's a work in progress, getting the PR industry to wake up to the fact that they are important. One commentator in an article said, this is probably the biggest PR problem in the world, getting people to understand climate change. It's a very hard thing to get done. We need the help of the PR professionals to do that. 

NB: And, Kert, now that Ben - uh, Ben, now that Kert has posed the question to you, what's your response to how you think PR firms - what responsibility do you think public relations firms and Edelman has to this whole issue of climate change and climate change deniers? 

BB: Yeah, not a great question. Unequivocally, I think we have stated that business has to play a role in solving these complex world problems. I don't think that Edelman or the PR industry is an exception to that, uh, assumption. I think the work that we do around the trust barometer looks and points to the expectations of peoples around the world in 27 countries where we survey for business to be a responsible good actor with, actually, greater trust in business to lead change. So, again, we do not work with those who deny the science. I think we continue to scrub, on a daily basis, our client roster and look at the behaviors of our clients - even outside the assignments that we have. And I think our commitment, as he outlined in terms of our own carbon footprint and presence, is something that we proactively began. Our work with Unilever, again, is a demonstration of a partnership in which we look at how to help raise larger conversations in the public sphere that are important around the topics of sustainability and corporate behavior. That has been, you know, a bold proclamation of our CEO in terms of what is necessary for business to be successful in the long term. And, again, we are not in any way immune from that belief. 

NB: Well, thank you so much both of you for joining me. That's Ben Boyd, the global chair of corporate practices for Edelman - based, of course, here in Chicago - and Kert Davies, the executive director of the Climate Investigations Center. Thank you. 

KD: Thank you.

BB: Thanks very much. 


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PR Industry Climate Change Survey


"I don't believe we are obligated in any way to respond. There are only wrong answers for this guy."  

That was the first response we got to our survey email, accidentally copied back to us by no less than the (then) CEO of Edelman, the very largest PR firm in the world.

An article by Suzanne Goldenberg of the Guardian broke the news of the survey we sent to the top U.S. PR agencies in April.  Ari Phillips of Climate Progress then extended the story.  Much more to come.

This opens a new CIC project on the the Public Relations Industry and Climate where we will be conducting research on the PR industry role in the climate change debate, not a new subject, but not one that has really been tackled well.

We recently revealed with Huffington Post that Burson-Marsteller was secretly behind the latest public relations ploy by Peabody Energy Corporation (aka Peabody Coal) the largest coal company on Earth.  Two years ago Greenpeace dug into the history of advertising by the "coal industrial complex" including AEP, and others as shown in this HuffingtonPost slideshow and this new article by Rebecca Leber of the New Republic.

After the Burson Peabody story, we wondered if the multi-billion dollar public relations industry has a climate conscience or even climate consciousness.  Every other business sector has been ask to go on the record about climate change. It seemed no one had ever asked the multibillion dollar PR industry.  So we asked them.

We sent a short survey to the top 25 public relations agencies in the United States (ranked by fee income, according to the industry journal, The Holmes Report).  As the beginning of phase two of our survey we added the Brunswick Group to the query list.  We emailed, sent certified mail and phoned Presidents, CEOs, General Counsels, Sustainability officers and as many high ranking officials as we could locate email, mailing addresses and phone numbers.

We asked four simple questions about the agencies' work vis a vis climate change:

  • Does your company acknowledge the threat and challenge of climate change as companies like Walmart, CocaCola, Apple, Google, AIG, Swiss Re, NRG, Unilever and others have done?
  • Does your company have any internal carbon accounting policies or energy use reduction targets? Have you taken actions to reduce your “carbon footprint”?
  • Does your company have an internal Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy regarding climate change or the environment generally?
  • Has your agency advised any client corporations on communications around CSR programs with a specific climate change focus, or on other climate change related public relations efforts?

The PR Agencies Surveyed

All together, the 25 firms included in our survey (thus far), plus MSL Group which answered the survey for the newly acquired asset Qorvis Communications, garnered income far exceeding $5.5 Billion dollars in 2012, the latest year of data.  There is a wide range in size. Edelman at the top had annual revenue of nearly $666 Million in 2012.  The 25th ranked US PR firm, Bite Communications had revenue just under $27 Million. WPP, a large parent company that owns four of the top ten companies, responded to our survey as well.



Fee income     

CIC Survey response

Parent Company







Weber Shandwick










Burson Marsteller










Hill+Knowlton Strategies





Ogilvy Public Relations





FTI Consulting










Cohn & Wolfe





APCO Worldwide





Waggener Edstrom Worldwide, Inc.





Porter Novelli





ChandlerChicco Companies





W2O Group





Ruder Finn, Inc.





Text100 Corporation










Marina Maher Communications





DeVries PR





DKC Public Relations





Finn Partners





Qorvis Communications*



MSL Group 


Citizen Relations (Citizen Paine)





Bite Communications





*survey response from MSLGroup, based in France, the 4th largest PR firm in the world after FleishmanHillard, with 2012 Fee income of $526 Million

Source for income data: Holmes Report. Many figures are undiscoverable and estimated. Different figures available from Odwyers

Parent companies:


Interpublic Group of Companies (IPG)

Next Fifteen Communications Group (NFC)

The Omnicom Group (OMC).

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Coal to World: Don't Worry, We'll Have A Position on Global Warming in a Few More Days

an-ostrich-which-hides-with-the-head-in-sand.gifI got the idea for this inaugural column for Climate Investigations when the business publication SNL Financial queried a group of coal producers and other stakeholders for their positions on global warming.  I hoped that in addition to the industry's sketchy publicly available statements, which was all SNL was able to pry loose from the companies, I'd succeed in getting at least a couple of on-the-record phone interviews with Big Coal.

Like SNL, I asked basic questions of the ten leading coal producers:  Do you believe in global warming?  Is human activity partly or wholly to blame?  And what role has coal played in what is generally acknowledged to be a global emergency? 

There have long been industries whose existence was largely premised on a product whose deleterious effects far outweighed any good it did the world or its people.  There was asbestos, an industry that learned in the twenties and thirties that the mineral's microscopic fibers caused cancer and an incapacitating scarring of the lungs - but pretended otherwise to the eleven million workers who mined, manufactured or installed it.  Then there was lead, which the industry falsely claimed needed to be in gasoline and paint long after serious health impacts were known.

The cigarette companies seemed to be in a class by themselves - a handful of firms employing no more than a few thousand turning out a product that took more lives than the combined toll of all the wars of the 20th century and since. After more than ten years reporting on Big Tobacco, I was certain I'd never the see its equal for the chasm between its reason for being and any reasonable definition of the common good.  But though this is my first column for Climate Investigations, coal already has a distinctly familiar feel. 

The cigarette companies were famously hostile to reporters, but at least they'd call you back.  Not so Big Coal. Over a period of three weeks, the only firm willing to discuss the issue was Alpha Natural Resources Inc. (ANR), the third-biggest U.S. coal producer, headquartered in Bristol, Virginia. 

It wasn't a landmark moment in journalism.

"We don't have a position on global warming yet," said Steve Hawkins, their head of media relations, on my answering machine.  "We're working on it."  

When I rang him back, Hawkins said Alpha's position on climate would be ready "within two weeks."

"But do you folks believe there is such a thing as global warming?"  I asked.

"That's what we're putting together. We're just not there yet," said Hawkins.  

"Kevin [Crutchfield, Alpha's chief executive officer] has just been asked the question and we feel that we need to be able to respond."             

While I waited for Mr. Hawkins, I contacted the rest of coal's Big Ten in the United States, consisting of, in descending order of size (according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration).  The top 4 mine more than half the coal by the way.

1. Peabody Energy (BTU) 

2. Arch Coal (ACI)

3. Alpha Natural Resources Inc. (ANR)

4. Cloud Peak Energy (CLD)

5. Consol Energy (CNX)

6. Alliance Resource Partners (ARLP)

7. Energy Future Holdings EFHC.UL (going through bankruptcy)

8. Murray Energy (private) 

9. Nacco Industries (NC)

10. Patriot Coal (PCXCQ)



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Department of Interior Opens Atlantic Coast to Oil Exploration, Politicians Open Wallets to Donations

The U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) announced on Friday, July 18, that it would begin considering applications for permits to conduct geological testing for oil-and-gas (O&G) reserves in federal waters along a wide swath of the Atlantic coast stretching from Delaware to eastern Florida. The announcement was made in conjunction with another, made the day before, that more than 21 million acres of O&G reserves in the Gulf of Mexico will be available for leasing – in other words, drilling – beginning in late August.

This section of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) of the Atlantic coast has been off-limits to any O&G exploration activity since the early 1980s, following a 1982 congressional moratorium on O&G leasing off the west coast and in the eastern Gulf. 

The OCS is an underwater landmass, falling under federal jurisdiction, on which much U.S. offshore drilling is conducted. Parties must obtain federal permission (leases) before exploratory testing or productive drilling operations on the OCS can begin.

Every Ten Seconds, For Weeks At A Time

Although BOEM’s announcement is no guarantee that drilling will be permitted on the Atlantic coast, it has nonetheless aroused concern amongst environmentalists. Geological testing of this sort is typically conducted with seismic air cannons, which allow surveyors to take a “sonogram of the Earth,” but are also known to cause significant damage to sea life. These cannons fire sound waves every ten seconds at levels up to 190 decibels – over 100,000 times louder than a jet engine – and are typically operated for weeks at a time, drastically increasing undersea noise pollution. Not only do these sound waves cause physical harm to sea animals, but the extra noise pollution can also disrupt the mating and feeding patterns of animals that rely on echolocation, such as whales and dolphins.

Images courtesy of Oceana.

The last time the government proposed opening this section of the Atlantic coast to O&G exploration was in March 2010, when the Department of Interior was working on its 2012-2017 offshore lease sale plan. However, the proposal was abandoned after the Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig burned and sank in the Gulf of Mexico on April 22, 2010.  A blowout the size of the Deepwater Horizon could devastate the coastal economies of multiple East Coast states.

Map view of the extent of the Deepwater Horizon spill. Image courtesy of Flickr user Sky Truth.

According to the National Journal, the 2017-2022 lease sale plan is currently under development and “the oil industry is lobbying for access to the [Atlantic coast] region.”

Follow The Money

Documents obtained through the National Institute on Money in State Politics (NIMSP) indicate that O&G lobbyists have indeed been busy in the seven states whose coastlines comprise the area of interest, contributing vast sums of money to each state’s governor and lieutenant governor, local legislators and representatives in Congress.

Since 2006 – the earliest that any of the states’ current governors or lieutenant governors were elected – O&G interests have contributed nearly $900,000 in total to these politicians’ gubernatorial campaigns. Top recipients include Gov. Pat McCrory (R-NC), who received about $230,000; Gov. Nathan Deal (R-GA), who received nearly $190,000; and Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle (R-GA), who received just over $180,000.

Only two politicians in this group did not receive donations from O&G interests: Lt. Govs. Carlos López Cantera (R-FL) and J. Yancey McGill (D-SC).

Governors' Front Group Supported By Industry Front Group

With the potential looming for massive economic expansion in Mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coast states, McCrory, Gov. Terry McAuliffe (D-VA) recently joined other coastal governors on the oil industry supported front group, the Outer Continental Shelf Governors Coalition (OCSGC) and worked with the Department of the Interior to develop rules regarding expansion of drilling on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). 

(According to NIMSP, McAuliffe has received over $90,000 in campaign donations from O&G industry lobbyists since 2006, and candidates for Virginia state legislature have received more than $1.5 million in campaign donations in the same period. Congressional candidates from Virginia received more than $770,000 in campaign donations since 2010.)

To facilitate the development of plans for the permission of geological testing, these governors formed the OCSGC, chaired by McCrory. Other members of OCSGC include the governors of Alabama, Texas, Louisiana, and Alaska - states that are also well known for drilling. McAuliffe joined the mostly-Republican OCSGC in February according to the Washington Post, following a meeting with McCrory and Interior Secretary Sally Jewell. Membership in OCSGC costs just $1,000 a year. 

According to the OCSGC website, the Coalition is basically run by the Consumers Energy Alliance, who's membership includes multiple oil and natural gas companies and trade associations including ExxonMobil, Chevron, Shell, BP, Hess, Marathon and Range Resources, among others.

Webpage: About OCSGC 

"The OCS Governors Coalition utilizes Consumer Energy Alliance for information and administrative support. CEA is a 501(c)(4) organization that advocates for an “all-of-the-above” energy policy, including the shared goal of expanding access to offshore wind, oil and natural gas resources. The OCS Governors Coalition utilizes CEA’s resources to improve its understanding of the economic and environmental impact of opening new areas of the Outer Continental Shelf to energy development." (emphasis added)



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Peabody Coal Campaign Uses Solar Supporter as Pitch Man


Huffington Post just rolled out an investigation, based on our research, revealing that the gentleman Peabody Coal and Burson Marsteller recruited as a spokesperson for their new Advanced Energy for Life campaign,  pitching coal, has a day job financing solar projects. 

Rugigana Kavamahanga or "R.K" is depicted in a video called Africa Switched On as an "Energy Finance Consultant and Peace Corps Volunteer", when he actually owns a company called Oaktown Group that works to finance big solar projects in California.  Oaktown Group's motto is "Financing a Greener Future!"  

Yet R.K. is (clearly reading a script) on camera for Peabody saying:

South Africa's "...progress was fueled by coal power. Africa needs more energy, from all sources, but especially energy from coal to provide the kind of base load power that's required to end energy poverty."

Oaktown Group's website says (said*): 

The Oaktown Group was founded to assist contractors and school districts to obtain project financing for solar energy projects by connecting viable solar energy projects with financial sources.  The Oaktown Group focuses on projects above 500 kw (kilowatt). The OTG fills the critical gap between projects deemed too small or too difficult for large commercial banks to finance and smaller regional banks lack the expertise to execute.

* the Oaktown Group's website was taken down shortly after Huffington Post called R.K. about this story, but their Facebook page is still up)

R.K. refused to comment on the Peabody video gig when asked by the reporter.  We remain curious just how he was recruited and by whom?  Was it Peabody? or Burson Marsteller or its subsidiary, Proof Integrated Communications?  And how was the video project characterized to him in the contract? Did he even know it was going to be used by Peabody Coal?  Are there more videos to come?  Is this meant to be a TV ad?

We will update as we learn more.
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Global Warming Power Plant Pollution Blankets the U.S. - EPA Clean Power Plan (VIDEO)

 vulcan_CO2_final_crop.gifThe Obama Administration EPA today issued a landmark proposal to cut global warming pollution from old coal power plants, dubbed the Clean Power Plan.  

Operating under the authority EPA has under the Clean Air Act, the rule will require reductions in carbon dioxide over time and give states a variety of flexible ways to achieve the targets...

Pausing for a second here to say that the Climate Investigations Center, in future blogs, will expose how polluters are fighting this EPA rule, who will inevitablely sue the EPA to stall and derail this like they have on other environmental laws.  We will look at the leading role of Peabody Coal, ACCCE, American Electric Power, Southern Company and other carbon kingpins in delaying climate solutions...

But for now, we thought it would be helpful to show you what corporate pollution looks like.

Most people have a hard time visualizing invisible gases like carbon dioxide (duh), which is convenient for polluters.  For beginners, millions of tons of carbon dioxide are dumped in the atmosphere daily from the burning of coal, oil and natural gas. These gases make the atmosphere act like a thicker blanket than normal, holding in more of the Sun's radiant heat. This causes global warming, supercharges the weather and we have climate chaos.


The animations on the right  show you what carbon dioxide looks like coming out of power plants across the U.S. every single day, the very pollution the EPA is trying to reduce.  The one on the top is a simulation of power plant pollution over the course of one day.  The bottom one adds a 3-D effect of the interaction of these plumes of carbon dioxide with weather systems as they roll through.  Totally cool eh!? If it wasn't so unnerving.

These animations were created by a team led by our old friend Dr. Kevin Gurney at Arizona State University's School of Life Sciences, who runs Project Vulcan, a one of a kind massive data project creating visualizations of greenhouse gas emissions.

Go to the full Power plant CO2 emissions VIDEO  

More Project Vulcan images here

Full Project Vulcan video on YouTube 'Revolutionary' CO2 maps zoom in on greenhouse gas sources

Get in touch with Kevin here.



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CIC Briefing: Craig Idso Heartland Institute NIPCC Climate Denial

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Craig Idso: “Climate change is good for you”

This week the Heartland Institute will release another chapter of its NIPCC, the “not the IPCC” document that will tell you the opposite of the main message that’s been coming from the prestigious IPCC, namely that climate change is a threat to security, food and mankind and especially a threat to the world's poor, along with ecosystems worldwide including coral reefs, polar regions, and the wildlife and myriad of creatures these ecosystems support.

Heartland Institute on the other hand, in its NIPCC “Climate Change Reconsidered II: the Biological Impacts” document, will say that climate change is good for the world, will have a net benefit for both plants and human health. This is the latest line run by right wing think tanks like Heartland, the coal industry’s ACCCE coalition, Peabody Coal, the American Legislative Exchange Council, and echoed across the blogosphere by climate deniers.

This set of messaging and all 'reports' to back this line, all appear to be coming from one organization, the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, and specifically from its chairman and former president, Craig Idso, one of the NIPCC’s lead authors, who has been arguing the same “C02 is beneficial” line for nearly 20 years, along with his father, Sherwood Idso.

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Breakthrough Institute's Pielke in a Pickle

Roger Pielke is in a pickle. He recently got hired as a blogger on FiveThirtyEight, Nate Silver's new data driven news website.  And he immediately got FiveThirtyEight a lot of heat.  Will they even let him blog again?

Roger Pielke Jr. is a Senior Fellow at Breakthrough Insitute and seemingly their lead climate science 'expert'. Breakthrough is a nest of public relations professionals advocating contrarian and misguided solutions to the climate crisis like more nuclear power and fracking, while attacking renewable energy and energy efficiency. Breakthrough have made their name over the past few years trashing the environmental movement and prevailing climate policy efforts, while making polluting and dangerous industries smile. 


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